Introduction

 

Covenant for the Nations is a work book designed to teach people about a very simple “agreement” between God and the nations of the earth.  The agreement, or Covenant, is based on the Ten Commandments – if a nation obeys the Ten Commandments it will be blessed.  If it disobeys them, they will be cursed.

 

The simplicity of this formula has for some reason escaped many Biblical commentators, yet it is so embedded in the Bible that it is impossible to understand scripture without understanding this fundamental principle.  All the prophets (Jeremiah, Isaiah, Daniel, Joel, etc) spoke to Israel strictly in terms of the agreement the Hebrews made with God at Sinai.  The horrible things the prophets warned about (war, famine, disease) were not soothsaying or fortune telling – they were very specific terms of the covenant as laid out in Deuteronomy 28.  And the Gospels and  Epistles simply take this Law and internalize it through the New Birth.  The Law is never done away with.  It was never a means to personal salvation – no one kept the law.  It remains today the one moral and legal guide that all nations should implement.

 

When God led the Hebrews out of the land of Egypt, the Hebrews had grown from a few meandering shepherds to a nation of three million men, plus women and children.  They were more than a family or a group of families – they were a nation of millions of people governed by one chief leader (Moses) who in turn federated the government into smaller units.  It was more that a few people or a group of disunited people, it was a nation of millions of people under the same leadership.

 

So when God took the Hebrews to Mount Sinai and gave Moses the Ten Commandments, God was not offering the Ten Commandments as an option for “personal living.”   He was presenting to the entire nation, corporately, an agreement between Himself and all of the people.   The Ten Commandments were delivered to a very large corporate group – they were given to an entire nation.   This is important.  If you understand this you can understand why, in part, the Ten Commandments do not provide “personal” salvation.  They were never designed to be strictly “personal.”  They were designed as a system of morality and law under which an entire people, or nation, was to govern themselves.

 

Abraham was not saved by the Law – he was saved by faith.  Moses was not saved by the Law – he was saved by faith.  None of the Hebrews during Moses time were saved by the law – they were all saved by faith, or damned for a lack of faith.  Joshua and Caleb believed and were therefore saved into the promised land.  When an individual Hebrew came before the Almighty at the tabernacle to offer sacrifices, he knew without any doubt that he had broken the Law.  And that was why the ceremonies made such great provision for sacrifices as an atone for sin (the breaking of the Law).  And it is faith in those sacrifices (which looked forward to the sacrifice of Jesus) by which a man was to be saved, or made right with God.  Each man, upon presenting his offering, had to understand that a pure innocent creature was sacrificed to take his place of suffering for sin.

 

The Law embodied in the Ten Commandments was a social code given to the corporate body by which they might all enjoy and generalized prosperity and yet it did not negate faith.  The Law reinforced faith on a personal level and made it very real as men went through the process of sacrifice and atonement. 

 

The Ten Commandments were accepted by the Hebrews voluntarily – Moses did not force them to obey the law by the threat of death or the sword:

 

Ex 24:3 ¶ Then Moses came and recounted to the people all the words of the Lord and all the ordinances; and all the people answered with one voice and said, "All the words which the Lord has spoken we will do!"

Ex 24:4 Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord. Then he arose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain with twelve pillars for the twelve tribes of Israel.

Ex 24:5 He sent young men of the sons of Israel, and they offered burnt offerings and sacrificed young bulls as peace offerings to the Lord.

Ex 24:6 Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and the other half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar.

Ex 24:7 Then he took the book of the covenant and read it in the hearing of the people; and they said, "All that the Lord has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient!"

Ex 24:8 So Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people, and said, "Behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words."

Ex 24:9 ¶ Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel,

Ex 24:10 and they saw the God of Israel; and under His feet there appeared to be a pavement of sapphire, as clear as the sky itself.

Ex 24:11 Yet He did not stretch out His hand against the nobles of the sons of Israel; and they saw God, and they ate and drank.

 

This is important – it distinguishes Christianity and Judaism from Islam – the terms were NOT “convert now or die.”  In fact, God delivered the Hebrews with great signs and wonders and mercy and grace and love – and then gave them his law and they (not just Moses and the leaders, but the whole congregation) willingly accepted his laws.

 

Living in a culture formed and guided by the Law of God “prepares the soil” for the message of salvation by faith in Jesus Christ.  As millions of Hebrews lived under the moral guidance of the Ten Commandments and experienced the ceremonies and sacrifices they where preparing in their hearts and minds for the One Great Sacrifice – Jesus Christ.  Then knew they had to live morally before God and each other, they knew there was a price to pay for sin, and they knew that God allowed a substitute to take their own place as payment for sin.

 

Today, we no longer practice the “ceremonial” law but we still learn a great deal from it because it is an illustration of Jesus, his church, and his sacrifice. But the Ten Commandments are not a ceremony – the are His unchanging fixed moral guide for all people, in all times.   Indeed, the Hebrews were to be a “city set on a hill.”  Living under this law, God told them that all the nations of the world would admire them for their great blessings and the wisdom of their laws and that they would come to the Hebrews and ask them to teach them about the Laws of God.  The Law was to be a blessing for all the nations and it was to prepare all of the nations for the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

 

Christians understand that the Ten Commandments alone will not “save a soul,” nor will they remove the evil in a man’s heart.   But what Christians have not understood is that it was His intention all along to take the Ten Commandments and write them on the heart of man: this was called the New Birth:

 

Jer 31:33 "But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days," declares the Lord, "I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.

 

And again in Ezekiel:

 

Ezek 36:26 "Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh.

 

This is what Christians call getting “born again.” It was not supposed to be a great secret or mystery to the Hebrews.  Jesus was amazed they the Pharisees, noted masters of the scripture, did not understand what he was talking about.

 

John 3:10 Jesus answered and said to him, "Are you the teacher of Israel and do not understand these things?

 

It was all there, in the Law and the Prophets, if only the had “eyes to see and ears to hear.”  Some, like Nicodemus, heard.  Others did not.  So what we find is that the Ten Commandments become a part of the New Birth as they are written on the hearts of men when individuals accept by faith the forgiveness of sins that God offers them through the sacrifice of his son Jesus Christ.  Instead of faith in dead animals, men place their faith in the one perfect sacrifice offered up through the crucifixion of Jesus Christ – and that is when God super-naturally changes a man’s heart to be inclined to obey the Ten Commandments.  Christ was crucified, died, was buried and rose again on the third day in newness of life – eternal life.  Resurrection from the dead, the forgiveness of sins, and eternal life is offered to us if we confess to God our evil nature and accept his sacrifice for our sins – Jesus Christ.  This is the Gospel.  

 

The Law, the Ten Commandments, is a tutor that leads us to this simple message of salvation.  A culture or a nation educated in the Ten Commandments is well prepared ground for the Gospel message. They know the moral law (as embodied in the Ten Commandments).  They understand that they have not obeyed them.  They know that disobedience to the Ten Commandments brings a curse.  They know a sacrifice is required to pay for sin.  Sin requires punishment – sin always has consequences.  And from there it is much easier to undertand and accept a message about the sacrifice of Jesus which pays for sins.  This is much more difficult in a culture that denies any moral law, or the judgment of God and his curse against evil doers.  The greatest threat to evangelism is not Christians who don’t hand out tracts – it is preachers who have denied the legitimacy of the universal application of the Ten Commandments to all areas of life – indeed this is how a culture is prepared for the Gospel Message. It is no small wonder that after a century or more of refusing to prepare the ground the harvest that it is so small and so poor. 

 

It used to be taught in Western Civilization courses that some of the West’s great democratic and representative traditions came not only from the Greeks, but from the Hebrews.  Indeed Moses decentralized his own administration by appointing judges over 1000s, and 100s and 50s and 10s.  The principle was that all of life should be handled at the smallest level possible.  This not only eased the burden from Moses, but it forces people to confront and solve their own problems – and perhaps even allowed for differences in how they governed themselves – yet all under the great moral and legal guidelines of the Ten Commandments.  Moses task was to teach them the principles of life embodied in the Ten Commandments.  They were to take it an implement it in their daily lives and local governments.

 

This system was equitable and fair.  It emphasized education and self government. It was designed to reduce dependence upon a national leader (Moses) and to increase local self government as knowledge of the Law to spread throughout the society.  The great method of imposing the law was never the sword – it was through teachers.

 

But is not enough for me to just tell you what you should know.  You must search the scriptures yourself to discover whether or not this is true for yourself and that is why I have posted this bible study guide to this web site.

 

On parting word: If I could offer one suggestion for the reformation of society – it would be to post the Ten Commandments back on the walls of every classroom in the world. 

Fritz Berggren, Ph.D.

fritz@text.net

 

 

 Ruler of All Nations

 

NOTE: Authority is the legal right to command. This legal right is coterminous with the responsibility to ensure the appropriate results.

Judgment occurs when the uses of authority are measured against an appropriate outcome. And all of this assumes that those in authority

exercise moral choice. Judgment assumes an ability to choose. This moral authority, this ability to choose and the resulting judgment, is

one of the primary human attributes we have as beings created in the image of God.

 

All authority ultimately resides with the Creator. However, God has delegated some of that authority to others. The first person who has

received authority is the Savior, the Son of God, Jesus.

 

1) Who has all authority on earth?

 

       Matt 28:18 ________________________________________________

 

 

 

2) Who rules over mankind? Who appoints its rulers?

 

       Dan 4:17, 22, 35 and Dan 5:21 __________________________________

 

 

 

3) What does the Lord do?

 

 

       Ps 22:28 __________________________________________________

 

       Ps 47:2, 7 __________________________________________________

 

       Ps 47:8 ____________________________________________________

 

 

 

4) What has God commanded and declared?

 

       Ps 72:11 ___________________________________________________

 

 

 

5) Read all of Psalm 2. Because God is king over all of the nations, what should be the attitude of the leaders?

 

Ps 2:10-12

 

       a)____________________________________________________

 

       b)____________________________________________________

 

       c)____________________________________________________

 

       d)____________________________________________________

 

       e)____________________________________________________


 

Filling the Earth

 

 

NOTE: Much of the Bible is written in the form of a history book. Our understanding of the past informs how we act in the present.

This chapter reviews God's plans for the earth beginning with the story of Adam and Eve.

 

1) Who created the heavens and the earth?

 

Gen 1:1 ___________________________________________________

 

 

NOTE: God is the source of truth, life, objectivity, and reality. The search for the meaning and purpose of life and this present world

must lead to the Creator.

 

 

2) What did God command Adam to do?

 

Gen 1:28 __________________________________________________

 

NOTE: The entire earth was to blossom and flourish under Adams care.

 

 

3) What was Noah to do?

 

Gen 9:7 ___________________________________________________

 

 

4) What was the promise to Abraham?

 

Gen 12:3 __________________________________________________

 

 

5) Did God limit Abraham's blessing to only his direct physical descendants? Whom did God want to bless?

 

Gen 12:3 __________________________________________________

 

 

6) What did God promise Abraham concerning the nations?

 

Gen 17:4 __________________________________________________

 

Gen 17:6 __________________________________________________

 

 

7) What did God promise to Sarah, Abraham's wife?

 

Gen 17:16 __________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

8) Did Abraham and Sarah see this in their own lifetime?

 

Heb 11:13 __________________________________________________

 

 

NOTE: No, they did not. Yet, we know that God always fulfills his promises. God's time frame is much longer than our own. As the

God of all history, the Lord's perspective is much longer than one lifetime. Generations and even thousands of years are not too long for

him. From the beginning it has been God's purpose that the "whole earth would be filled with his glory."

 

At some point, God's purpose will be fulfilled. He did not create the earth and humans simply to have his plans delayed forever. Though

man's rebellion has not hastened God's purposes, neither can it ultimately delay what God intends to accomplish.

 

 

9) When is Jesus to return to the earth?

 

Acts 3:19-21 _______________________________________________

 

Now let us look at some of what was spoken by the prophets.

 

 

10) Who will remember and turn to the Lord?

 

Ps 22:27 ___________________________________________________

 

 

11) Who rules over the nations?

 

Ps 22:28 __________________________________________________

 

 

12) Read Psalm 67 carefully. What does it describe?

 

a) What does the Psalmist wish upon Israel?

 

Verse 1: ___________________________________________________

 

 

b) For what end does the Psalmist want God's blessing?

 

Verse 2: ___________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________

 

c) What will be known among all the nations?

 

Verse 2: ___________________________________________________

 

d) For which nations does God provide salvation?

 

Verse 2: ___________________________________________________

 

e) Who will praise God?

 

Verse 3: ___________________________________________________

 

f) Is it just one nation or people which will praise God? Which peoples?

 

Verse 3: ___________________________________________________

 

g) Which nations will be glad and sing for joy?

 

Verse 4: ___________________________________________________

 

h) Who will guide the nations of the earth?

 

Verse 4: ___________________________________________________

 

i) Which peoples are to praise God?

 

Verse 5: __________________________________________________

 

j) Read verses 6 and 7. They relate to verse 1. Why does God bless us?

 

Ps 67:6-7: _________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

                           God blesses us that all the ends of the earth may fear him.

 

 

NOTE: All the earth will be filled with God's glory. Initially, God planned that Adam should fill the earth through his offspring. But

Adam sinned. Jesus entered the world to redeem Adam's failure. God will still have the whole earth filled with His people. The mandate

given to Adam, (and later to Noah, Abraham, Moses and the Hebrews,) will be fulfilled through Jesus.

 

 

13) Read Matthew 28:18-20. Who has all authority now on earth?

 

Matt 28:18 __________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

14) Which nations are Christians supposed to make into disciples?

 

Matt 28:19 __________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

15) What is it we are to teach them?

 

Matt 28:20 __________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 


 

Civil Government

 

 

NOTE: God's authority and interests encompass every government on earth, including those of the most powerful nations. Every

government owes its legitimacy to the Creator and this legitimacy, given by God, is the ultimate moral authority upon which governments

rest. Governments have the right -- legitimacy -- to rule because God has delegated a certain amount of authority to them for this purpose.

 

But this authority is not unlimited or arbitrary. God has prescribed the limits and methods of civil authority in the Bible. The legitimacy of

civil government does not extend beyond the authority which God has granted. Every government is bound to obey God's laws and is

accountable to the Almighty.

 

Only God has unlimited power and authority. In every other realm, God insists that authority be limited, and clearly defined. No human

authority, including civil government, has the right to rule over every aspect of human life. Those governments which claim total

authority overstep their legal boundaries, and therefore rule without legitimacy. In effect, they are in rebellion against the Creator because

they are exercising authority that belongs elsewhere. The same case may be true of family government, church government, and self

governments in their respective spheres of authority.

Each type of government has certain and limited rights, duties, and responsibilities. Each individual owes certain and limited obedience to

the various types of governments. This division of authority, a separation of powers, helps to ensure both order and liberty in a society.

Too much power in one type of government leads to tyranny.

The refusal to recognize the legitimate authority of either family, church, or civil government is rebellion, leads to anarchy, and will

ultimately result in a loss of liberty to all. Furthermore, if each separate government does not carry out its proper responsibilities, then

another government, such as the state, will move in and take over.

 

 

1) What is the purpose of Civil Government according to 1 Pet 2:14?

 

a) 1 Pet 2:14 _______________________________________________

 

b) 1 Pet 2:14 _______________________________________________

 

 

2) What is our duty toward Civil Government?

 

1 Pet 2:13 _________________________________________________

 

 

3) Should we obey our civil authorities?

 

Rom 13:1 __________________________________________________

 

 

4) Who is in subjection to governing authorities?

 

Rom 13:1 __________________________________________________

 

 

5) Where does all authority come from?

 

Rom 13:1 __________________________________________________

 

 

6) If you resist authority, who do you oppose?

 

Rom 13:2 __________________________________________________

 

 

7) If a person does what is good, should he be afraid of civil authority? What should the good person expect?

 

Rom 13:3 __________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

8) Who should be afraid of civil government?

 

Rom 13:4 __________________________________________________

 

 

9) How does the scripture refer to civil government?

 

Rom 13:4 __________________________________________________

 

 

10) Read Rom 13:4 very carefully.

 

a) What does this authority bear? ________________________________

 

b) What is it described as? _____________________________________

 

c) What does this "avenger" bring, and who receives it? _________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

NOTE: Civil government is a God ordained institution which bears responsibility for punishing evil doers. It is to maintain law and

order. It is a servant of God. It is an avenger on God's behalf which suppresses evil doers. Note that individuals, the family, and the

church are not to be avengers. Civil government alone bears this responsibility. This, in fact, is its most important purpose.

 

 

11) Before the fall, there was no mention in the scriptures of Civil Government. Not until after the flood does God speak of the man

taking responsibility for suppressing evil doers. What does God say about this?

 

Gen 9:6 ___________________________________________________

 

 

12) What happens to the man who "sheds man's blood?"

 

Gen 9:6 ___________________________________________________

 

 

13) Who is the one who brings this punishment?

 

Gen 9:6 ___________________________________________________

 

14) Why is murder a capital crime?

 

Gen 9:6 ___________________________________________________

 

 

NOTE: God delegates to man the duty of suppressing evil doers. The murderer is guilty of more than offending another man; he is

guilty of destroying the image of God. For this reason, murder results in the death penalty. It was not part of God's original plan to have

governments suppressing evil doers because God never intended that men should sin and become murderers in the first place. Civil

government, therefore, is a response to man's rebellious nature.

 

 

 


 

Welfare

 

 

NOTE: Family government is another type of governing institution. In fact, it was the first type of human government. Historically, it

preceded civil government and church government. Not until after the fall did God delegate power to the civil government or to the

church. The family is always the foundation of any human society.

 

Civil government does not have the primary responsibility of providing economic security for individuals.

 

1) Who is primarily responsible for the welfare of people?

 

1 Tim 5:8 _____________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

2) If a man does not provide for his own household because of laziness or neglect, what do the scriptures say of him?

 

1 Tim 5:8 _______________________________________________________

 

______________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

NOTE: Work, or labor, is a very important concept. A proper understanding of labor is crucial to any understanding of human society.

 

 

3) Is God too important to do work himself?

 

Gen 2:1-2 _________________________________________________

 

 

4) Genesis chapter 3 records the Fall of man from grace. But, before sin entered the world, was it God's plan for man to work?

 

Gen 2:5, 15 ________________________________________________

 

 

NOTE: Work and labor are part of God's perfect plan for man. Work and labor are not curses. Man was destined and created from the

beginning to labor and work on the earth. When sin entered in, work became harder (Gen 3:17-19), but work is not a curse.

 

 

5) If widows have children, who should take care of them?

 

1 Tim 5:4 __________________________________________________

 

 

6) What is the Fifth Commandment?

 

Deut 5:16 and Ex 20:12 _______________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

7) Is this commandment no longer in effect because of the New Testament?

 

Matt 5:17-19 ______________________________________________

 

 

8) Read Matt 15:1-9 and read Mark 7:9-13. What did Jesus have to say to the scribes and the Pharisees regarding the commandments of

God and their own traditions?

 

Matt 15:3 ___________________________________________________

 

 

9) What does Jesus say regarding the Fifth Commandment and the traditions that had developed?

 

Matt 15:4-6_________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

NOTE: It is the responsibility of the children to care for their parents in their old age or time of need. Even though some governments

care for the elderly, this does not relieve the children from the duty. If the duty of respecting and caring for Father and Mother was

developed and adhered to, civil governments would not have to to this.

 

In the time of Jesus, a tradition had developed whereby people would give their offerings (above the tithe) to the synagogue with the

thought that it was better to give to "God's work" than it was to support their own parents. As a result, the people were not honoring

their own parents by caring for them in their time of need. In many countries today, a similar unfortunate tradition has developed.

Typically, many people do not support their parents in their old age when they need it. Jesus told the Pharisees and scribes that this

neglect was an evil abandonment of God's commandments in favor of human traditions.

 

 

10) If widows have needs, who should take care of them?

 

1 Tim 5:4 __________________________________________________

 

 

11) What should younger widows do?

 

1 Tim 5:14 _________________________________________________

 

 

12) If you have widows in your family that cannot remarry nor care for themselves, who should be the first source of care for them?

 

1 Tim 5:16 ___________________________________________________

 

 

13) If there is no family to care for an old helpless widow, then who cares for her?

 

1 Tim 5:16 ___________________________________________________

 

 

14) What is pure and undefiled religion? Whom do we visit and in what condition are they?

 

James 1:27 _________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

NOTE: Welfare begins at home. No one know the needs and shortcomings of individuals more than their own families. No one can take

care of them better. If they are lazy or irresponsible, the family will know this and will be able to respond accordingly. Children should

honor their parents and care for them when they get old. The church has a role to play, but it is not the primary welfare source. Neither is

the civil government. Both family and church must work toward building self supporting families.

 

 

 


 

 

The Ten Commandments

 

 

NOTE: The Scriptures talk a lot about covenants, which are binding agreements. In a covenant, both parties enter into a contract by

agreeing to perform certain duties. In this study, we will learn much about a covenant which centers around the Ten Commandments. These

commandments spell out God's moral and legal expectations for societies. Societal obedience to the Ten Commandments is commanded by

God. This does not provide for the salvation of individual souls. However, when nations obey the Ten Commandments, they can expect

God's blessing. Please open your Bible to the book of Exodus.

 

 

1) What is the covenant?

 

Ex 24:7 ____________________________________________________

 

 

2) What are the tablets of the testimony?

 

Ex 31:18 ___________________________________________________

 

 

3) What did God write on the tablets?

 

Ex 24:12 ___________________________________________________

 

 

4) Later on, when the Hebrews worshipped the Golden Calf, Moses threw down the stone tablets and shattered them. What were these

tablets?

 

Ex 32:12-19 _________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

5) After the tablets were destroyed, what did God tell Moses to do?

 

Ex 34:1 ____________________________________________________

 

 

6) What was God going to write on them?

 

Ex 34:1 ____________________________________________________

 

 

7) In accordance with what did Moses write while on the mountain with God?

 

Ex 34:27 ___________________________________________________

 

 

 

8) What exactly did Moses write on the tablets?

 

Ex 34:28 ___________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

9) Deuteronomy comes from the two root words which mean second (two) and law. Deuteronomy records the second giving of the law to

the Hebrews. What is the covenant?

 

Deut4:13 __________________________________________________

 

 

10) What did Moses receive from God on the mountain?

 

Deut 9:9, 11, 15 ______________________________________________

 

 

11) What did God write on these tablets?

 

Deut 10:4 __________________________________________________

 

 

NOTE: The point is to teach the reader that God's covenant with the nation of Israel was based on the Ten Commandments. God's

covenant with his chosen people is synonymous with the Ten Commandments that he carved into the tablets of stone and gave to Moses on

the mountain.

 

                                                            

Blessings and the Curse

 

 

 

1) Please write out the Ten Commandments. They can be found in both Exodus 20:1-17 and in Deut 5:7-21.

 

1) ________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

2)__________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

3)__________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

4)__________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

5) ________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

6)__________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

7)__________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

8)__________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

9)__________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

10)_________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

NOTE: These Ten Commandments are as important for society today as they were for the Hebrews thousands of years ago. Although

an individual does not receive eternal salvation by obedience to these laws (for everyone has broken God's commandments, if only in

their thoughts), God is also concerned with the temporal well being of society. These are His guiding rules. Obedience to them by the

whole society will benefit everyone.

 

 

2) To whom was the Ten Commandments given?

 

Ex 19:3-6 ___________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

3) What was their response?

 

Ex 19:7-8 ___________________________________________________

 

 

4) To whom did Moses read the book of the covenant and what was their response?

 

Ex 24:7 ____________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

5) To whom did Moses present the Ten Commandments?

 

Deut 4:1, 10 _________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

NOTE: The Ten Commandments were given to an entire nation, not just to individuals. All of the people agreed to abide by this

covenant. This is extremely important. The Ten Commandments are not just a personal code of individual morality; they were never

intended to be only that. Rather, they provide a blueprint for the legal and moral foundation for entire nations and communities. When

Israel accepted God's law, they did it together, as a people, not only as individuals. And they agreed to obey these laws.

 

 

 

6) What would happen if Israel kept the Ten Commandments?

 

Deut 7:12-16 ________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

7) What did God set before Israel?

 

Deut 11:26-28 _______________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

8) Read Deut 28:15-68. What would happen if Israel refused to abide by the covenant, the Ten Commandments?

 

v. 20 _______________________________________________________

 

v. 21-22 ____________________________________________________

 

v. 25 _______________________________________________________

 

v. 27 _______________________________________________________

 

v. 28-29 ____________________________________________________

 

v. 30 _______________________________________________________

 

v. 33 _______________________________________________________

 

v. 35 _______________________________________________________

 

v. 36, 38 ____________________________________________________

 

v. 43-44 ____________________________________________________

 

 

 

9) Why did all these curses come on Israel?

 

Deut 28:45 __________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

10) Why does the Lord say he will bring extraordinary plagues on Israel?

 

Deut 28:58-59 _______________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

NOTE: God's relationship with the Hebrews and His expectations of them were spelled out and written down. The Hebrews did not

have to guess and wonder what God wanted them to do. God is not fickle or difficult to understand. He wants us to know what he

expects of us and how he will treat us.

 

If the Hebrews were obedient, God blessed them. If they rebelled, God cursed them. This is clearly demonstrated in the books that

record the history of Israel. God's judgment on Israel as recorded in the Old Testament was not arbitrary. God's covenant explained the

consequences of obedience and disobedience. The history of the Hebrew people was influenced by how closely they adhered to or

departed from the Ten Commandments.

 

 


Historical Examples

 

 

1) What did the Lord tell Joshua to be very careful to do when the Israelites went into the promised land?

 

Josh 1:7-8 __________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

2) How was Joshua to treat the law?

 

Josh 1:7-8 __________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

3) To what did God attribute Israel's defeat at Ai? What did Israel transgress?

 

Josh 7:11 ___________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

4) When Israel finally rose up and defeated Ai, what did Joshua do? What did he read?

 

Josh 8:32-35 ________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

5) In Joshua's farewell address, what did he tell the people of Israel regarding the covenants?

 

Josh 23:16 __________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

6) When Joshua died, what kind of generation arose?

 

Judges 2:10 ___________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

7) As a result, what did Israel do?

 

Judges 2:11-12 ________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

8) What was the response of the Lord to this?

 

Judges 2:14-15 ________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

9) What happened when Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord?

 

Judg 6:1 ____________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

10) After Israel cried out to the Lord, God sent a prophet. What commandment did he tell Israel about?

 

Judg 6:7-10; Ex 20:2; Deut 5:6 __________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

11) Why specifically did God decide not to drive out the nations from before Israel?

 

Judges 2:20-21 ________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

NOTE: Israel's oppression should have come as no surprise. The prophet simply and clearly spoke to the Hebrews and reminded them

of the First Commandment. Israel ought to have known that violation of God's covenant, as stated in the Ten Commandments, brought

upon them curses.

 

Thankfully, God continually raised up deliverers for the Hebrews when they called out to them. However, God does not guarantee that

he will always do this.

 

 

Let us now look at another typical example in Israel's history. The story of the Hebrew people while they were ruled by Kings is

recorded in I & II Samuel, I & II Kings, and I & II Chronicles. The books of the prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, etc.) occur for the

most part concurrently with Kings and Chronicles. The prophetic books record the role of the prophets within the larger story of Israel's

history. As we shall see, the prophets reminded Israel that the nation had strayed from the Ten Commandments (the Covenant) and that

as a result, God's punishment would fall on them. The writings they have left reflect one or two things: Israel's adherence or departure

from the Ten Commandments, or God's eventual fulfillment of the mandate he gave to Adam, Noah, and the Hebrew people to fill the

earth with the glory of God. Israel's success was not for its own sake alone, but rather was to be a means of bringing God's blessings to

every nation on earth.

 

 

12) Why did the King of Assyria carry away Israel into exile? What did Israel transgress?

 

2 Kings 18:11-12 _____________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

13) Read 2 Kings 21:1-8. What kind of king was Manasseh?

 

Verse 2 ____________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

14) Were the people evil too?

 

2 Kings 21:9 _________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

15) As a result of these sins, what did God decide to do?

 

2 Kings 21:14-15 _____________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

16) What kind of king was Amon and what happened to him and his murderers?

 

2 Kings 21:19-24 _____________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

17) Who was the next king, and what was he like?

 

2 Kings 22:1-2 _______________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

18) Josiah, a good king, began to rebuild God's temple. While this was occurring, what did the high priest find?

 

2 Kings 22:8 _________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

19) What was Josiah's response when the book of the law was read to him?

 

2 Kings 22:11-13 and 2 Chron 34:21 ______________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

20) Why was God's wrath great against the Kingdom of Judah?

 

2 Kings 22:13 and 2 Chron 34:21 _________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

NOTE: It had been a long time since the law of God had been read. This law had been broken and as a result the Hebrews were

punished. When Josiah read the law, it was obvious to him why God was angry. Israel was under judgment for breaking their agreement

with God. This agreement demanded that the Hebrews, as a nation, obey God's laws.

 

 

 

21) When Josiah inquired of God the Lord said he would bring evil to that place. What would this evil be based on? Where had God already spoke of these things?

 

2 Kings 22:16 and 2 Chron 34:24 ________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

22) What kind of evil could Josiah expect? According to what words?

 

2 Kings 22:16; and Deut 28:15-68 ________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

NOTE: Again, God's judgments are not a mystery.

 

 

23) Why was this disaster to happen? What commandment is mentioned here?

 

2 Kings 22:16-17 _____________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

24) What was Josiah's response to all of this?

 

2 Kings 23:1-25 ______________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

25) As a result of Josiah's tender heart, God's judgment did not come in his own lifetime (2 Kings 22:19). However, after generations of

forsaking the Lord, what did God decide to do?

 

2 Kings 23:27 _____________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

26) The prophet Jeremiah spoke of this. When did Jeremiah prophesy?

 

Jer 25:1 ____________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

27) For how long had Jeremiah been prophesying?

 

Jer 25:3 ____________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

28) Read Jer 25:1-14. What was God going to do to Israel as a result of their sins?

 

Jer 25:9-11 __________________________________________________

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

29) How long was Israel to be in captivity?

 

___________________________________________________________

 

 


All the Nations

 

 

1) Read Deut 4:1-14. What did God say regarding his law? How would the other nations look on Israel if the Hebrews followed the

covenant?

 

       Deut 4:6-7 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

2) What is God's covenant?

 

       Deut 4:13 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

3) What would the other nations say when Israel obeyed the Law?

 

       Deut 4:6 ____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

4) Before Adam sinned he was the perfect image of God. Where did God desire Adam and his offspring to live?

 

       Gen 1:29 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

5) After Adam and later generations sinned, God chose Noah to carry on His divine plan for the earth. What was Noah ordered to do?

 

       Gen 9:7-8 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

6) Abraham was God's chosen man. Who would be blessed through Abraham?

 

       Gen 17:2 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

7) Was Abraham the father of just one nation?

 

       Gen 17:4-7 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

8) Was Sarah to be the mother of only one nation, or many nations and kings?

 

       Gen 17:16 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

9) How many nations were to come from Jacob, whom God renamed Israel?

 

       Gen 35:11 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

10) Who is to say "the Lord reigns"?

 

       1 Chron 16:31 _______________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

11) Over which nations does God rule?

 

       2 Chron 20:6 _______________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

12) How many nations will remember and turn to the Lord?

 

       Ps 22:27-28 _________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

13) Who will stand in awe before God?

 

       Ps 33:8 _____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

14) Over whom does God rule?

 

 

       Ps 47:7-8 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

15) Which kings and which nations must bow before God?

 

       Ps 72:11 ____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

16) What will happen to the nations which do not know God?

 

       Ps 79:6 _____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

17) Which nations will worship God and glorify his name?

 

       Ps 86:9 ___________________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

18) What will happen to the nations that refuse to serve God?

 

       Is 60:12 ____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

19) To where did Jesus send his disciples to be his witnesses?

 

       Acts 1:8 ____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

20) Upon whom will God pour out His Spirit?

 

       Acts 2:17 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

21) Read Acts 3:19-26. Until when will Jesus remain in heaven?

 

       Acts 3:21 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

22) Paul again refers back to God's promise to Abraham. What is this promise? Who shall be blessed?

 

       Acts 3:25 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

23) Read Acts 17:26-27 Why did God create the nations?

 

       Acts 17:27a _________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

24) Before which nations will righteousness and praise spring forth?

 

       Is 61:11 ____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

25) Who will cause this to happen?

 

       Is 61:11 ____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

26) Where will God's name be great?

 

       Mal 1:11 ____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

27) How great will be the knowledge of the Lord?

 

       Hab 2:14 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

28) Who will bow before the Almighty?

 

       Zeph 2:10-11 ________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

29) Who will be king over all the earth?

 

       Zech 14:9 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

30) Read Zeph 3:8-9. Meditate upon this scripture and think about the Covenant (the Ten Commandments) with the blessing and the

curse. What is God's goal?

 

       Zeph 3:9 ____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

31) Who is Jesus?

 

       Rev 1:5 _____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

32) Is God concerned with all the nations?

 

       Rev 10:11 and Acts 17:26-27 ____________________________________

 

       __________________________________________________________

 

 

 

33) Who is king of all the nations? Who will worship the Lord?

 

       Rev 15:3-4 and Jeremiah 10:7 __________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

34) How long will Jesus reign in heaven?

 

 

       1 Cor 15:25 _________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

NOTE: Clearly God is ruler over all the nations. His desire is to see them all obey his commands and receive his blessings.

 

 


Israel the Example

 

 

NOTE: According to Deuteronomy 4:6-8, all the other nations would look upon Israel and its law and be amazed and would say "surely

this great nation is a wise and understanding people."

 

 

1) Read Isaiah 2:2-4. Where will the nations go?

 

       Is 2:2-3 _____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

2) What will go forth from Zion?

 

       Is 2:3 ______________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

3) Read Micah 4:1-5. Who will go to Zion?

 

       Mic 4:1-2 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

4) What will go forth from Zion and Jerusalem?

 

       Mic 4:2 _____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

5) Who will seek the Lord?

 

       Zech 8:22 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 


Old and New Covenants

 

 

 

This section will illustrate the continuity between the "old" covenant and the "new" covenant. The difference between the two is certain

and important; but also often misunderstood. Human nature tells us that the 'new' is always better than the 'old,' and so it is. Thus, the

New Covenant is better than the Old Covenant. However, Christian tradition has assigned names to the scriptures we read, calling one

section 'old' and another 'new.' This usually leads to the conclusion that the Old Testament books really are not all that important

compared to the books referred to as the New Testament. This is an unfortunate misundertanding.

 

Nowhere in the Bible are the books preceding the Gospels referred to as 'old.' On the contrary, the books called the New Testament

presuppose a knowledge of and the authority of all the scriptures that have come before. The entire Christian church up until at least the

300s A.D. relied on all the 'old' testament books. There was no 'new' testament books at that time. Jesus, Paul, and all of the Apostles

preached from, and only from, the books we call 'old.'

 

The continuity between the Old Testament and the New Testament are profound. This chapter explores the differences between the old

and the new covenants, and lays out some of the similarities as well.

 

 

1) The center of the evangelical Christian experience is usually characterized as being "born again." This comes from John 3:3. Read

John 3:1-12 carefully. Jesus is speaking to a Pharisee, a ruler of the Jews, who knew the Law very well. He had probably memorized all

of the Holy Scriptures. Jesus was explaining to him the need to be born again. What did Jesus tell him?

 

       John 3:7 ____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

2) What was the response from Nicodemus?

 

       John 3:9 ____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

3) Obviously, Nicodemus didn't understand what Jesus was talking about. But, what did Jesus tell him in reply?

 

       John 3:10 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

NOTE: This is very important. Jesus fully expected this man to know what he was talking about. Becoming "born again" should not

have been foreign to any expert in the Law and the Prophets. Yet, what was Jesus talking about?

 

 

4) Read Jeremiah 31:31, 33. What kind of covenant is God going to make?

 

       Jer 31:31 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

5) What is this "new covenant"? What is God going to do with his law?

 

       Jer 31:33 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

NOTE: A crucial difference between the New Covenant and the Old Covenant is that the Old Covenant (Testament) was written of

tablets of stone while the New Covenant is written on the tablets of our heart.

 

 

6) What does God write on both the stone tablets and on the human heart in both covenants?

 

       Jer 31:33 and Deut 10:4 ________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

7) Now turn to Ezekiel 36:26-27. Read this carefully. What will God give to his people?

 

       Ezek 36:26 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

8) What will God put inside of his people?

 

       Ezek 36:27 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

9) What will God cause his people to do? What will they be careful to do?

 

       Ezek 36:27 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

NOTE: From these two scriptures it should be clear that God spoke to the prophets of a time when he would transform the heart of an

individual through what Jesus referred to as being 'born again.' God writes his law on our hearts. He causes us to walk in his statutes

and ordinances. He gives us a heart of flesh instead of hearts of stone. In the Old Testament, the Law was engraved on tablets of stone

(Deut 9:9). In the New Testament, the Law is engraved on hearts of flesh (Jer 31:31-33 and Ezek 36:26-27).

 

Re-read John 3:1-12, Jeremiah 31:31-33, Ezekiel 36:26-27 and Deuteronomy 9:9, and Deuteronomy 4:13. Let this sink into your heart.

God spoke of being born again in the Old Testament. This new covenant is where God takes the Ten Commandments and writes them on

our hearts. God does not do away with the Law. He gives the ability to live by the Law by changing our hearts through faith in Jesus.

 

 

10) Re-read Deuteronomy 4:6. Now turn to Matthew 5:14-16 and read it. Hopefully the parallels will be apparent. What do these have in

common? Who is the light of the world in both respects? Who will look upon them?

 

       Deut 4:6 and Matt 5:14 _________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

11) Read Matthew 5:17-19. What was Jesus' attitude toward the Law?

 

 

       Matt 5:17 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

12) Did Jesus come to abolish the Law?

 

       Matt 5:17 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

13) How long shall the Law last? Was it to be done away with shortly?

 

       Matt 5:18 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

14) What did Jesus say of those who would annul even the least of the commandments? What does he say of those who teach that the

Law is unimportant?

 

       Matt 5:19 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

15) Who shall be called great in the Kingdom of heaven?

 

       Matt 5:19 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

NOTE: In the passages that follow, Jesus goes on to teach about the law, quoting extensively from the (old testament) scriptures. In no

case does he annul any of the laws he mentions. Rather, he teaches the people how to obey them. Jesus was careful to make sure they

abided by the spirit, or intent, of the law, as well as its outward forms. This reflects the New Covenant emphasis on the emplacement of

the Law within a person, on their heart.

 

 

16) What does the Law do?

 

       Gal 3:24. ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 


The Patriarchs and Wealth

 

 

 

NOTE: God created man to work. He placed Adam in the garden of Eden to tend and keep the garden God had planted. This work came

before Adam sinned. Labor is not part of the curse; man was designed from the very beginning to work. In this, man imitates God who

spent six days working and creating the universe. Work produces wealth. Work increases value. God worked, created the heavens and

earth, and called it good. Man also is called to work and bring forth an increase.

 

1) Abraham, the first believer, is the father of our faith. We look to him as an example. God called Abraham to leave his homeland and

travel to a new land. Was Abraham a poor beggar, or did he have wealth when God called him to leave the land of Haran and go to

Canaan?

 

       Gen 12:5 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

2) Abraham left Haran, and arrived in Canaan, went down into the Negev, and then passed over into Egypt because of a famine. Then

Abraham returned to the Negev. What was his financial condition at that time?

 

       Gen 13:2 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

3) Abraham traveled with his nephew Lot. Lot also was wealthy (Gen 13:5). Why was it that Abraham and Lot had to go their separate

ways?

 

       Gen 13:6 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

4) So we see that Abraham was affluent when God called him. Abraham and Lot were so rich, they later had to part ways so they could

have enough land to feed all of their livestock. What happened as Abraham grew older? Who made this to come about in his life?

 

       Gen 24:2 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

5) Abraham was then concerned about a wife for his son. He sent his servant to bring a wife back for Isaac. When the servant arrived at

Laban's home, what did he tell Laban? What did the Lord do to Abraham. What was his financial position. Who caused this to come

about?

 

       Gen 24:35 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

6) What did the Lord give to Abraham?

 

       Gen 24:36 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

7) So then Abraham died at a "ripe old age, an old man and satisfied with life." What happened to Abraham's wealth?

 

 

       Gen 25:5 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

8) Isaac was wealthy as well. Nevertheless God continued to bless him. What happened when Isaac sowed in that land?

 

       Gen 26:12 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

9) Isaac reaped a hundred fold, in that same year! What continued to happen over time?

 

       Gen 26:13 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

      

 

10) Later, Isaac had two sons, Jacob and Esau. Jacob fled from Esau because Jacob had stolen his elder brother's blessing when Isaac

died. He lived for a while in the land of his relatives. There he met his wife (Rachel) and Isaac worked for her father (Laban) for seven

years in order to marry her. When the time was up, Laban gave Jacob the wrong girl! Rachel's sister, Leah, married Jacob that night.

Jacob was upset, but Laban gave him Rachel as well with the stipulation that he had to work another seven years. So he married Rachel

and began to work for his father-in-law again. Jacob made an agreement with Laban to work for certain wages that seemed highly unfair

and disadvantageous. You may want to take some time and review this story. (Genesis, chapters 25 through 36) But, what was the end

result?

 

       Gen 30:42-43 ________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

11) What happened to Jacob?

 

       Gen 31:43 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

NOTE: We can see from this that God chose for himself men who had possessions already, and then made them much wealthier.

Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are the fathers of our faith. From this we should understand that God does not look down upon wealthy

people simply on the basis of what they have. It did not seem appropriate to God to make these men poorer in order to make them more

spiritual or better human beings. God blessed Abraham, Isaac and Jacob with even more material prosperity than they started with.

Wealth is a blessing; it is good. Poverty is not a prerequisite to godliness.

 

 

12) Let us look at another example. Who was Hezekiah?

 

       2 Chron 29:1 ________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

13) What kind of king was Hezekiah?

 

       2 Chron 29:3 ________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

14) Was Hezekiah always perfect?

 

       2 Chron 32:24-25 _____________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

15) Read 2 Chronicles 32:27-29. What did Hezekiah have?

 

       2 Chron 32:27-29 _____________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

16) How did he get all of these things?

 

       2 Chron 32:29 _______________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

17) What does God delight in?

 

       Ps 37:27b ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

18) What does God give to us?

 

       Deut 8:18 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 


Wealth & Warnings

 

 

 

NOTE: In the previous chapter, you should have learned that God has nothing against wealth or wealthy people simply because they are

prosperous. In fact, material prosperity is a blessing. But God is less concerned with the outward attributes of a man than his inner

character. Here, we will learn more about our attitude toward wealth.

 

1) A person's character is the moral quality, strength and stature of the inner man. What should our character be free from?

 

       Heb 13:5 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

2) Should we wear ourselves out to get wealth? Should we think about getting wealthy all the time?

 

       Prov 23:4 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

3) What happens if we set our eyes on wealth? What happens to the wealth?

 

       Prov 23:5 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

4) What have we brought into the world? What can we take out of it when we die?

 

       1 Tim 6:7 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

5) What does God want us to be content with?

 

       1 Tim 6:7 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

NOTE: God says if we have food in our belly and clothes on our back we are to be content. We must be content with what we have

right now.

 

 

6) What happens to those who want to get rich?

 

       1 Tim 6:9 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

7) What is the root of all sorts of evil?

 

       1 Tim 6:10 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

8) What might happen to those who have set their heart on getting rich?

 

       1 Tim 6:10 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

9) Read James 5:1-6. To whom is James writing this passage?

 

       James 5:1 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

10) What was happening to their riches?

 

       James 5:2 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

11) What was happening to their clothes?

 

       James 5:2 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

12) What was happening with their gold and silver?

 

       James 5:3 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

13) What will be a witness against them?

 

       James 5:3 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

14) What did these people do with their treasure?

 

       James 5:3 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

15) Read James 5:4. How did they treat their employees? What did they do to their employees?

 

       James 5:4 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

16) How have these people lived on the earth?

 

       James 5:5 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

17) What kind of lives did they lead?

 

       James 5:5 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

18) What also did they do to the righteous man?

 

       James 5:6 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

19) Read Ecclesiastes 5:13-17. What did Solomon, the wisest man in the world, call a grievous evil?

 

       Eccl 5:13 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

NOTE: These wealthy people were being rebuked for how they used their wealth, not because they had wealth. What one does with the

wealth counts, not the mere possession of it. The people James was rebuking had so many clothes in the closet that they couldn't use

them all and the moths ate them up. The gold and silver was just lying around and rusting. It was the rust that would be a witness against

them, not the gold and silver itself. They were leading wanton and wasteful lives, living selfishly. They did not properly pay those who

worked for them. They arranged to have honest men destroyed, perhaps because they posed a threat to their riches. For these reasons

they are called to weep and howl for the miseries that will come upon them in judgment against their sins.

 

 

20) Read Matt 19:16-26. There was a rich man who had a desire to please God. What did Jesus tell him to do?

 

       Matt 19:21 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

21) How did the man respond?

 

       Matt 19:22 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

NOTE: The wealthy man was not willing to obey Jesus. This man decided that it was more important for him to hold onto this wealth

than it was to be obedient to God. We must not permit anything, including riches, to prevent us from being totally obedient to God's will

for our lives.

 

22) Riches and wealth have a power that commands men's loyalty. For this reason, is it hard or easy for a wealthy man to enter heaven?

 

       Matt 19:23 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

23) But, is it impossible for God to bring wealthy men into his kingdom?

 

       Matt 19:26 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 


Wealth & Blessings

 

 

1) What should we do with our wealth?

 

       Prov 3:9 ____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

2) If we honor the Lord with the first fruits of all we produce, what will happen?

 

       Prov 3:10 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

3) What makes a man rich?

 

       Prov 10:22 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

4) Does much sorrow come with wealth when God gives it?

 

 

       Prov 10:22 and Gen 25:8 _______________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

5) What kind of man will prosper?

 

       Prov 11:25 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

6) What is the reward of humility and the fear of the Lord?

 

       Prov 22:4 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

7) What is the fear of the Lord?

 

       Prov 8:13 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

8) Read Proverbs 8:12-21. Who is speaking?

 

       Prov 8:12 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

9) What comes with this wisdom?

 

       Prov 8:18-20 ________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

10) What is on the house of the wicked?

 

       Prov 3:33 and Deut 28:15-68 ____________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

11) What does God do to the dwelling of the righteous?

 

       Prov 3:33 and Deut 28:1-14 _____________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

12) What will happen to the man who finds wisdom?

 

       Prov 3:13-26 ________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

13) What is the beginning of wisdom?

 

       Prov 9:10 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 


Wealth, Work & Pleasure

 

 

1) What kind of people should we be if we want to prosper?

 

       Prov 10:4 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

2) What should be our attitude toward work?

 

       Eph 6:5-7 (especially verse 7) ___________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

3) What will happen to those who work hard?

 

       Prov 12:24 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

4) What will happen to the sluggard?

 

 

       Prov 12:24 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

5) What happens to the soul of the diligent?

 

       Prov 13:4 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

6) Is it enough to crave something? What happens to the sluggard who desires, or craves something?

 

       Prov 13:4 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

7) What happens to wealth that is obtained by fraud, or by deception?

 

       Prov 13:11 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

8) What happens to the wealth of someone who works hard?

 

       Prov 13:11 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

9) What happens to sinners?

 

       Prov 13:21 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

10) With what will the righteous be rewarded?

 

       Prov 13:21 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

11) What is a sluggard? What happens to him?

 

       Prov 21:25 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

12) What does the sluggard do all day long?

 

       Prov 21:26 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

13) While the sluggard is worrying about what he does not have and while he is too lazy even to work, what does the righteous do?

 

       Prov 21:26 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

14) What will happen to the man who works hard and becomes skilled in his work?

 

       Prov 22:29 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

15) What should the rich avoid?

 

 

       1 Tim 6:17a _________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

16) Name four things the rich should do.

 

       1 Tim 6:18 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

17) As a result of avoiding the things in verse 17, and doing the things in verse 18, what will they gain?

 

       1 Tim 6:19 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

18) What does God supply us with? How abundantly does he supply them? Why does he supply them?

 

       1 Tim 6:17b _________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

19) If a person loves money, will it satisfy him?

 

       Eccl 5:10 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

20) Should men enjoy the wealth and riches that God has provided to them?

 

       Eccl 5:18-19 ________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 


Wealth & Inheritance

 

 

 

1) What things can be an inheritance passed down through the generations?

 

       Prov 19:14 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

2) What does a good man leave to his children and grandchildren?

 

       Prov 13:22 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

3) What did Isaac inherit from his father Abraham?

 

       Gen 25:5 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

4) Read Ecclesiastes 11:2. What sort of advice does this suggest to the prudent investor?

 

       Eccl 11:2 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

5) What does the Scripture suggest about the timing of investments?

 

       Eccl 11:6 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 


 

 


 

 

Criminal and Civil Law

 

 

 

NOTE: The Ten Commandments form the foundation for all moral and civil law. In Exodus 20, the Ten Commandments are given for

the first time and in the following chapters specific examples of how these laws may be applied are outlined.

 

 

1) What is the punishment for premeditated murder?

 

       Gen 9:6 and Ex 21:12-14 _______________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

2) What is the punishment for kidnapping?

 

       Ex 21:16 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

3) What is the punishment for rape?

 

       Deut 22:25-27 _______________________________________________

 

 

 

 

4) How many witnesses are required to convict someone of a capital crime?

 

       Deut 17:6 _________________________________________________

 

       Deut 19:15 ________________________________________________

 

       Num 35:30 ________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

5) Reread the Fifth commandment in Exodus 20:12. Now read Exodus 21:15 and Exodus 21:17. What does this say about the respect we

owe our father and mother?

 

       ___________________________________________________________

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

NOTE: Respect for our parents is extremely important to the Lord. We respect them by obeying them, listening to

their counsel, and caring for them in their old age or time of need.

 

 

6) What happens if a man strikes another and injures him?

 

       Ex 21:18-19 _________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

7) What happens if innocent bystanders are hurt? What does the following passage say about the protection of

unborn children?

 

       Ex 21:22 ____________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

8) Read Exodus 21:23-25 and Leviticus 24:17-21. What does this say about how punishment for criminals should

be approached?

 

       ___________________________________________________________

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

9) Read Exodus 22:1-15. If something is stolen, what is the punishment?

 

       Ex 22:1 ________________________________________________

 

 

 

10) What did the tax collector agree to do when he decided to repent?

 

       Luke 19:8 ______________________________________________

 

 

 

11) If the thief cannot pay restitution for his crime, what happens to him?

 

       Ex 22:3 ________________________________________________

 

 

 

NOTE: Jesus taught extensively on the Law. Read Matthew 5:38-42. Here, a simple reading might suggest that

Jesus does away the principle of an eye for an eye. But, he is instructing those who were maltreated not to seek

vengeance. In this passage, Jesus was addressing the heart attitude of his own people, not the administration of

legal justice by the civil government. The same is true with the entire chapter in Matthew 5. When he teaches, for

example, on adultery, he does not do away with the commandment forbidding adultery, he adds to it that our

hearts must be clean as well. Vengeance is from the Lord, not from individuals. The state is charged by God with

carrying out vengeance (justice) -- an eye for an eye -- not the individual people to whom Jesus was speaking.

 

The books of the New Testament teach mostly about the individual and the church. The books of the Old

Testament focus more on entire nations and societies. The key to changing entire nations will always be to change

the hearts of the people first. But we also need to know how to reorder our communities and nations.

 

 

12) Read Exodus 21:28-33. This speaks to the owner's responsibility for the actions of his animals. The owner is

liable for what his beasts do. If an animal is known to be wild and the owner does not adequately protect those

around from the consequences of its actions, what is to be done?

 

       Ex 21:28-33 _________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

13) What if an accident happens, innocently and unintentionally?

 

       Ex 21:28 ___________________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

14) What if a person creates a hazardous situation without making adequate protections for innocent bystanders?

 

       Ex 21:33-34 _________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 


Judgment

 

 

People long for justice. Just governments. Justice in the courts. Justice in the workplace. Justice at home between family members. Just

punishment for evil people and justice for those who have been abused. No matter how diligently even the best governments pursue

thieves, murderers, and other criminals, it seems that justice is always just beyond their grasp. And all too often, the biggest criminals are

beyond the reach of police forces and courts. Some of history's most infamous men seem to have worked their own will on others and

escaped justice all the while. The heads of governments, from Hitler to Stalin to the Khmer Rouge, to slave traders of the 18th century, to

your generic corrupt law officer, judge, and politician all too often live out their lives without any recompense for their evil deeds.

 

 

The problem of evil in the world is an old question, one which has occupied the best minds for as long as men have had the time to think

on these questions. Evil men harm innocent people and justice seems forgotten. But in the long run, God's justice will prevail. On the

Judgment Day, every man, woman, and child will give an account of every thought, word, and deed committed in their life time. Every

motive will be weighed. At this final tribunal, justice will be served.

 

 

Evil comes from choices men make. God has so constructed humans that we are able to choose good or bad. A consequence of the moral

freedom God has granted is the ability to harm innocent human beings. At the judgment seat, justice for the guilty and the innocent will

be carried out in full.

 

 

There are two types of judgment the Bible talks about. First is the judgment that comes in time, in history. This judgment may take the

form of a murderer being tried and punished for his crime. Or it may take the form of wars or natural disasters which destroy nations.

The second type of judgment comes on the last day, when Jesus Christ judges every person and gives them their due. No one will

escape. Everyone will get their just reward, whether good or bad, based on how they lived their lives on this earth. Knowledge of the

Final Judgment should be kept in mind when we choose the things we do in life.

 

 

 

1) What will God bring into judgment?

 

       Eccl 12:14 __________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

2) Will God remember the deeds of our youth in judgment?

 

       Eccl 11:9 ___________________________________________________

 

 

 

3) What will God remember at the judgment?

 

       Matt 12:36 __________________________________________________

 

       John 5:29 ___________________________________________________

 

       2 Cor 5:10 __________________________________________________

 

 

 

4) Read Hebrews 6:1-2. Here it lists the "elementary" teachings of Christ. Is "eternal judgment" part of the teachings of Christ?

 

       Heb 6:2 ____________________________________________________

 

 

 

5) What happens after men die?

 

       Heb 9:27 ___________________________________________________

 

 

 

6) Who is the judge?

 

       John 5:22 ___________________________________________________

 

 

 

7) Before whose judgment seat will we appear?

 

       2 Cor 5:10 __________________________________________________

 

 

 

8) Who will judge the living and the dead?

 

       2 Tim 4:1 ___________________________________________________

 

 

 

9) Read Revelation 20:11-15. How will men be judged?

 

 

       Rev 20:12b __________________________________________________

 

 

 

10) What happens to anyone whose name is not found written in the book of life?

 

       Rev 20:15 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

11) Read Acts 4:10-12. In what name does salvation come? Does it come in any other way?

 

       Acts 4:10-12 ________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

12) What did Jesus say about finding the Father (God)?

 

       John 14:6 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

13) Who is the only mediator between God and man?

 

       1 Tim 2:5 ___________________________________________________

 

 

 

14) Who is the propitiation for our sins?

 

       1 John 2:1-2 _________________________________________________

 

 

 

15) Jesus Christ was killed by hanging on a cross. He was an innocent man. He bore our sins in his body on the cross so that we might

have forgiveness with God. What does 1 Peter 3:18 say?

 

       1 Peter 3:18 _________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

16) Read Romans 5:6-11. How does a person become reconciled to God?

 

       Rom 5:10 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

17) Read Romans 10:9-12. How does a person become saved?

 

       Rom 10:9 ___________________________________________________

 

       ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

About the Author

 

Fritz Berggren received a B.B.A. from the University of Washington, an M.A. from Washington State University, a Ph.D from the University of Miami. Fritz and his wife and children reside in Miami, Florida and attend JesusFellowship church. You can contact him at fwb@text.net.

 

Hand written notes for this work book sat in a three ring binder for over a decade, until one week in 1995 when I unilaterally suspended all my homework assignments (I was a graduate student then) and actually typed these things into my computer.  From time to time, I update and edit the manuscript, butI’ve been working on it since at least 1985. 

 

 

All material herein is copyright.

 

This electronic document may be duplicated and distributed electronically provided that no changes, additions, or deletions are made. Feel

free to put this on CD-ROMs, but please tell me about it, too. Covenant For The Nations is a freely distributable, copyrighted

program, otherwise known as "freeware". There is no registration process, no fee requested or required, no obligation on your part, and

no guilt. I only request that no hardcopies of Covenant For The Nations be sold for profit. If you print it up, charge no more than the cost

of the paper. I reserve at all times the right to restrict distribution of this material. I would appreciate a note letting me know how you are

using this material.

 

Fritz Berggren

fwb@text.net

 

 

Copyright 1995 – 2002

©

All rights reserved.

Fritz Berggren

Miami

USA